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Human Trafficking is a heinous crime against humanity and an international issue. Every country in the world is affected by trafficking. Indeed human trafficking has been institutionalized; you may say a lucrative industry.
Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad. Human trafficking usually affects women and children. Human trafficking depends on the use of force, fraud, or compels to exploit a person for profit. It has a worst impact on individual victims. Trafficking is a crime that violates the fundamental human rights of its victims.
The purpose behind this crime is exploitation, which includes forced labour, slavery or similar practices, sexual exploitation, and the removal of organs (Organ trafficking: a fast-expanding black market).According to United States State Department data, an "estimated 600,000 to 820,000 men, women, and children [are] trafficked across international borders each year, approximately 80% are women and girls and up to 50 percent are minors.
The United Nations estimates nearly 2.5 million people from 127 different countries are being trafficked around the world.
In Pakistan men, women, and children trafficked for the purposes of forced labour and sexual exploitation. The country’s largest human trafficking problem is that of bonded labour. Particularly in brick kilns, carpet-making, agriculture, fishing, mining, leather tanning, and production of glass bangles.
Here in Pakistan poverty is main problem. This forces trafficking of children on the rise. Desperately poor families go to a feudal employer usually a brick kiln owner or a carpet manufacturer and ask them for a loan. As they are very poor and needy so they never are eligible to pay back loan, then a time come the entire family is turned into the private property of the employer.
Bonded labour otherwise known as debt slavery is rampant in Pakistan. Further, boys are trafficked from Pakistan to Gulf countries to serves as camel jockeys, sometimes families sold these victims into servitude, while in other cases they were kidnapped. October 8 earthquake proved a perfect business opportunity for the human traffickers. In present flood affected areas trafficking mafia has become active creatively.
There are opportunities for all of us to get involved and speak up against this human rights violation.
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If we want to stop human trafficking, we need to ask ourselves, what are real problems that exist behind people circumstances those lead them being trapped by traffic mafia and more focus to be put on root causes. Then according to research we have to choose better steps for creating awareness and prevention of it.
We encourage local and national authorities to start programs for providing small loans and also financially beneficial projects and intervene to rescue victims and detain traffickers. We may highlight the issue of human trafficking into the public eye through the media. Electronic and print Medias are all used to warn and educate the public by providing general information on the subject. Effective way of eliminating human trafficking is by empowering people at risk, empowerment of people is possible through education, employment and provision of security.
We need to generate awareness among the public and to help prevent victims from falling prey to traffickers.
We may also help the victims of trafficking after their rescue by providing comprehensive psychological and social support, and helping them to mingle into society again.
Together, we can make a huge difference to combat slavery. Everyone can do something to stop human trafficking.